Autumn is an excellent time to sow wildflower seed for a number of reasons such as less threat of birds gobbling your seed up, more availability of rainwater to keep your seedbed moist thanks to our UK weather and last but not least – an earlier sowing results in an earlier showing.
This means that by sowing your wildflower seed in autumn, you can expect to see blooms in early spring to kickstart your 2021 summer garden.
Before sowing your
wildflower seed, there are a few things you should consider.
Wherever you plan to
sow your wildflower seed, it’s important to keep in mind that all existing
grass, weeds / flora will need to be removed from that area – so it needs to be
feasible for you to do this. Sowing wildflower seed on a bare bed with low
nutrient soils will provide the best results and cut out competition from any
other plants. If the area is small you can remove grass, weeds / flora by digging
it out of the area and leaving the area to cultivate for several weeks,
removing any new weeds if they pop up. If the area is medium sized you may wish
to hire a turf cutter or rotovator to help remove all existing grass / weeds /
flora in the area, again allowing it to cultivate for a number of weeks and
removing any new weeds if they appear before sowing. If your chosen area is a
field already populated by grass and you do not have the ability / machinery to
remove it, we would recommend introducing Yellow Rattle. You can read more
about that here. You can use a weedkiller to help remove weeds, but ensure to
read the instructions and adhere to the waiting time before sowing seed.
Once you have selected your site and have a bare seed bed prepped for
sowing, it’s time to pick your wildflower mix. We have wildflower mixes that
contain grass and we have ones that do not. The main reason for including grass
with the wildflower seed is to keep weeds at bay and to create a year on year
habitat for wildlife when the wildflowers are not in bloom.
For a medium to large sized area, we recommend opting for a mix that contains grass. If you plan to sow a border or bed, we would recommend a 100% wildflowers mix such as our Annuals or Meadow Magic for uninterrupted colour. Our Annuals mix is 100% cornfield annuals, and our Meadow Magic mix is a bend of cornfield annuals and perennials.
If you have a
medium to large sized area where you consider your soil type to be normal and
relatively free from shade, you can sow our Bees & Pollinators, Flowering Meadow, or SIMPLY: Wildflowers mix. All three of these mixes contain annuals,
perennials and grasses but the percentage of different species will vary
between each mix.
said, if you want to turn a large field into a meadow over time, you should consider
introducing Yellow Rattle.
Step by step
The very latest you should plan
to sow wildflower seed is typically mid-October before frost begins to kick in,
if your mix contains grass you should consult a two week forecast before sowing
to ensure that temperatures are 8-10 degrees and above consistently for the
grass in your mix to germinate. Here’s how you should sow your wildflower seed
● Remove any existing
grass, plants or flora from the area where you plan to sow your wildflower
seed. Failure to do this will produce poor results
● Further remove the top 5-10cm to reduce soil fertility
● Allow the area to cultivate for several weeks, and remove any
weeds that may pop in the area during this time
● Do not be tempted to add top soil, compost or fertiliser to the
area - wildflowers prefer low nutrient conditions
● After the cultivation period ensure to remove stones or any other
debris and rake the area to create a fine, friable and level seedbed
● Scatter the seed at a rate of 5g per m2
● Rake the seed so that it is in amongst the soil
● Water the just-sown wildflower seed well
● If sowing in drought conditions, water as required to keep the
area moist in the first 6 weeks after sowing
Keep the area where you have sown
your wildflowers leaf free whilst they germinate. Once your wildflower seed begins
to you can sit back and relax and wait for your bountiful blooms to appear in